More Information

Support for geospatial semantic investigations 

Resources for geospatial semantic research and applications are listed by topic.

Standards Groups

Ontologies derived from Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards can be found at

Ontology representations of the ISO/TC211 Standards are maintained in the GitHub repository for the ISO/TC211 Group on Ontology Management (GOM)

Official ontologies are located at

W3C Geospatial Semantic Web Community Group

Spatial Reasoning

Spatial Reasoning

Bennett, B. (2008) Spatial Reasoning. In: Karen K. Kemp, Ed.,  Encyclopedia of Geographic Information Science DOI:

Egenhofer M. (2015) Qualitative Spatial-Relation Reasoning for Design. In: Gero J. (eds) Studying Visual and Spatial Reasoning for Design Creativity. Springer, Dordrecht